The RCV is a 4-stroke spark ignition engine. The RCV has significant advantages over other internal combustion engine technologies:-
The RCV Combustion system
The combustion system is the mechanical arrangement that compresses, ignites, burns and extracts power from the air/fuel mixture. The RCV combustion system has the following characteristics:-
As a result the engine runs efficiently on all the major fuels:- gasoline, JP8 / JP5 / kerosene and diesel. On all these fuels it runs in a predictable manner and is insensitive to changes in fuel composition. The engine is easy to tune with performance being maintained over a wide band of ignition timing and mixture. All fuels are run using spark ignition. Operating on gasoline or any of the kerosene based fuels, power and fuel consumption are similar. Operating on diesel fuel, power is around 5 - 10% less, and fuel consumption around 10% greater. Both diesel and JP8 / JP5 / kerosene require pre-heat to start the engine. Once at full operating temperature the engine handles and functions as with gasoline.
The RCV rotary valve has a large opening area. This enables it to achieve high volumetric efficiency at high speeds. As there are no reciprocating elements there are no valve related mechanical limitations to RPM. The combination of these two elements mean the engine can achieve high speed, high specific powers, and high power to weight. It has comparable specific power output to a 2-stroke engine.
Fuel Efficient/Low Emissions
The RCV employs a conventional 4-stroke cycle and it therefore has the fuel efficiency and low emissions levels of a 4-stroke. The efficient combustion system contributes to this aspect of the engine’s performance.
Simple / Low Cost
Following extensive development, the RCV rotary valve is now a simple one piece cylindrical component, with readily achievable tolerance limits, an no complex sealing rings or other seal components.
The valve system uses carefully chosen materials that result in a thermal self-regulation mechanism. This automatically maintains the tight sealing tolerances required for efficient operation over the operating temperature range of the engine.
The design is practical and long lasting, and readily achieves the durability requirements for small engine applications.
Particularly in its horizontal configuration this simple design is suited for low cost/high volume production.
The unique features of the valve that make the RCV work reliably and predictably have been patented. This means that any engine development undertaken in partnership with RCV will automatically have strong patent cover.